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Black Creek Village Demonstrates 1860 Press

December 2, 2014  By PrintAction Staff

The Black Creek Pioneer Village in northwest Toronto gave visitors live demonstrations of a cylinder press built by R. Hoe & Co. of New York in 1860.

Holding a country drum cylinder design, the printing machine was made to produce newspapers with a moderate circulation and, at the same time, print general jobs.

Priced at $1,750 in 1867, the machine could produce 800 impressions per hour when operated by hand, and 1,000 impressions per hour by steam. Black Creek Village explains the press and others of its type, was the staple of small-town newspaper production for more than 100 years.


The restored R. Hoe printing press at Black Creek Pioneer Village was first purchased in 1862 for E.J. Barker of Kingston, Ontario, to produce his weekly newspaper, the British Whig, which still exists today as the Kingston Whig-Standard.

In 1881, the press was sold to the Whitby Chronicle, who planned to launch the new Pickering News. In 1901, the paper and the press was sold to John Murkar, whose son and grandson continued to operate the press for over 50 years.

W.B. Murkar, John’s grandson, donated the press to Black Creek Pioneer Village. (Some of Murkar’s descendants were on hand for Black Creek’s printing demonstration of the restored press.) In early 2004, Ray Redmayne, who had just retired after 60 years in the printing industry, volunteered to clean the machine and explore the possibility of putting it back into working condition.

Redmayne invested over 1,350 hours of volunteer time to clean and repair the printing machine. Only a dozen of these presses are known to have survived, of which only a third are in operating order. This restoration is a example of Black Creek’s mandate to preserve 19th century technology and trades.

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